The Risks of Maximising Pressure on Iran


The Trump administration’s “maximum pressure” campaign against Iran is more likely to fuel resistance and retaliation than capitulation.

  • Ali Vaez
  • ICG

Washington should heed past lessons lest it provokes a new nuclear crisis or a regional escalation.

The U.S. decision on 22 April to end sanctions exemptions for Iran’s remaining oil customers, following on an earlier designation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO), significantly escalates the…

The intent is clear: bankrupt Iran into…

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