Lessons from the Syrian State’s Return to the South

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Russian mediation helped reduce bloodshed during the Assad regime’s reconquest of southern Syria.

  • ICG

But for similar arrangements to work in remaining rebel strongholds, better security guarantees by outside powers are needed to prevent regime reprisals, improve aid flows and, down the road, facilitate refugee return.

  • What’s new?

When the Syrian regime retook the south from rebels in mid-2018, Russian mediation limited the violence.

Six months later, security and living conditions remain precarious; the regime has re-established authoritarian rule; and Iran-aligned groups may be trying to establish a…

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