Historical

More than Myth: Ancient DNA Reveals Roots of 1st Greek Civilizations

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The Minoans and Mycenaeans were the first advanced, literate civilizations to appear in Europe. They left archaeologists with a wealth of material to pore over: palaces, golden jewelry, wall paintings, writing (some of it still undeciphered) and, of course, burials, in what is today Greece. Megan Gannon LiveScience Now, new research on Bronze Age skeletons could shed light on the origins of the Minoan and Mycenaean people. The study of ancient DNA suggests that there is genetic continuity between the ... Read More »

Dunkirk, the War and the Amnesia of the Empire

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OXFORD, England — Two and a half million soldiers drawn from Britain’s empire in South Asia fought in World War II. YASMIN KHAN The New York Times But they are missing from many British commemorations and accounts of the war — an absence reinforced by Christopher Nolan’s new film “Dunkirk,” which does not feature any of the Indian soldiers who were present at the battle. The Indian soldiers at Dunkirk were mainly Muslims from areas of British India that later ... Read More »

Australia human history ‘rewritten by rock find’

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Archaeologists have found the first evidence to suggest that Aboriginal people have been in Australia for at least 65,000 years. BBC The discovery indicates their arrival on the continent was up to 18,000 years earlier than previously thought. It was made after sophisticated artefacts were excavated from a rock shelter in the Northern Territory. Researchers unearthed what they say are the… Australia human history… Read More »

The Summer of Misreading Thucydides

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There’s a delicious irony in the Trump team’s affection for the historian—who repeatedly shows how populists lead societies to… Kori Schake The Atlantic This year is the 50th anniversary of the “Summer of Love,” those months in 1967 when a hundred thousand hippies convened in Haight… Flower children held a Human Be-In in Golden Gate Park, and Timothy Leary coined the phrase “turn on, tune in, drop… It was the heyday of the counterculture, now enjoying… The Summer of… Read More »

Tasoula Hadjitofi – from refugee to icon hunter

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A refugee’s quest to reclaim her nation’s stolen heritage Tasoula Hadjitofi will discuss her experiences of war and injustice; her ongoing campaign to preserve cultural heritage worldwide and her tireless work to combat art trafficking. In 1974 Tasoula Hadjitofi and her family were forced to flee their home in Famagusta, Cyprus during the Turkish invasion. As a refugee living in the Netherlands, Tasoula devoted her life to infiltrating and exposing the shady underworld of art traffickers. It all began when ... Read More »

Taiwanese or Chinese? An island state’s shifting identities

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On the 30th anniversary of the lifting of martial rule in Taiwan, Asia Times examines the Republic’s political tensions and horizons and asks inhabitants how they see… Liu Hsiu Wen Asia Times It is January 16, 2016, and 56-year-old Liu Tao-shan is sitting quietly in his living room in Taichung, Taiwan. The television in front of him is showing the results of Taiwan’s 14th presidential election. The Democratic Progressive Party candidate Tsai Ing-wen has beaten the Kuomintang’s Eric Chu and ... Read More »

Why Roman concrete still stands strong while modern version decays

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Scientists have cracked the secret to Roman water-based structures’ strength – and findings could help today’s… Nicola Davis The Guardian Their structures are still standing more than 1,500 years after the last centurion snuffed it: now the Romans’ secret of durable marine concrete has finally been… The Roman recipe – a mix of volcanic ash, lime (calcium oxide), seawater and lumps of volcanic rock – held together piers, breakwaters and… Moreover, in contrast to modern materials, the…. Why Roman concrete… Read More »

For Turkey’s youngest Jews, ancestral tongue fading away

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For the young generation of Sephardic Jews in Turkey, their ancestral tongue, Ladino, is just a few words for Grandma’s cuisine, a line or two from old songs and… Nazlan Ertan AlMonitor UNESCO considers Ladino, also known as Judeo-Spanish or Judezmo, a severely endangered language. In Turkey, it is spoken by only about 10,000 people, mostly around Istanbul and Izmir. Other Ladino-speaking communities in Greece and North Africa have also diminished, according to the… For Turkey’s youngest… Read More »

Roman gladiators were war prisoners and criminals, not sporting heroes

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For centuries, the bloody gladiator conflicts that the Romans staged in amphitheatres throughout the empire have engrossed and repelled us. Alastair Blanshard The Conversation When it comes to gladiators, it is almost impossible to look away. But the arena is also the place where the Romans feel most foreign to us. The gladiator was the product of a unique environment. He can exist only within a… Roman gladiators were… Read More »

‘Democracies Die Behind Closed Doors’:

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The chilling parallels between the ‘Munich Conference’ and the ‘Conference on Cyprus’ According to the celebrated American judge, Damon J. Keith, ‘democracies die behind closed doors’.  (Source: Detroit Free Press v Ashcroft, 303 F. 3d 681, Court of Appeals, 6th Circuit, 2002.) Klearchos A. Kyriakides Published in Agora Dialogue on 26 June 2017 Judge Keith articulated his memorable dictum as a means of justifying the cherished principle of open justice. Nevertheless, his dictum is likewise capable of being applied in other ... Read More »

The Evolution of Yannis: From Turkish Nationalist to Jailed Greek Activist

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Yannis Vasilis Yaylalı, an ethnic Greek peace activist born in Samsun, was recently arrested by Turkish police in the Kurdish city of Şırnak, where he had been living since… Uzay Bulut Special for the Armenian Weekly Meral Geylani, his partner and fellow activist, told the Armenian Weekly that four lawsuits have been filed against… Three of them are for “discouraging the public from military service” and one is for “publicly disrespecting Mustafa Kemal Ataturk” through his articles and… The Evolution ... Read More »

Tachjian’s ‘Daily Life in the Abyss: Genocide Diaries, 1915-1918’ Published by Berghahn Books

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NEW YORK—Vahé Tachjian’s book, Daily Life in the Abyss: Genocide Diaries, 1915-1918, was recently published by Berghahn Books. TheArmenianWeekly Tachjian is the project director and the chief editor of the Berlin-based Houshamdyan website, which aims to reconstruct Ottoman Armenians’ local history and life stories. Historical research into the Armenian Genocide has grown tremendously in recent years, but much of it has focused on large… Tachjian’s ‘Daily Life… Read More »

Turkish schools to stop teaching evolution, official says

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Board of education chairman says subject is debatable, controversial and too complicated for students Kareem Shaheen and Gözde Hatunoğlu in Istanbul The Guardian Evolution will no longer be taught in Turkish schools, a senior education official has said, in a move likely to raise the ire of the country’s secular opposition. Alpaslan Durmuş, who chairs the board of education, said evolution was debatable, controversial and too complicated for… Turkish schools to… Read More »

Why the White House Is Reading Greek History

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The Trump team is obsessing over Thucydides, the ancient historian who wrote a seminal tract on war. Michael Crowley Politico The Trump White House isn’t known as a hot spot for Ivy League intellectuals. But last month, a Harvard academic slipped into the White House complex for an unusual meeting. Graham Allison, an avuncular foreign policy thinker who served under Reagan and… Why the White… Read More »

The Steady but Unremarkable Clement Attlee

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Neither patriotism nor pragmatism necessarily mark one out for greatness. Dov S. Zakheim The National Interest CLEMENT ATTLEE was blessed by good fortune. Wounded at Gallipoli, he survived the military disaster while many of his comrades never left the… When an ailing George Lansbury relinquished the leadership of the Labour Party in 1935, Attlee—virtually alone among Labour’s senior front-benchers to survive the… The Steady but… Read More »

California Approves Millions for Armenian Museum and Genocide Education

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ANCA-WR Praises State Legislators GLENDALE, Calif.–The Armenian National Committee of America-Western Region (ANCA-WR) praised California Legislators for their efforts in securing funding for the Armenian American Museum and… The Armenian Weekly On June 15, the California State Legislature adopted a budget with considerable attention given to the… “The Armenian National Committee of America Western Region (ANCA-WR) is very… California Approves Millions… Read More »