Study

Facebook and Twitter are being used to manipulate public opinion – report

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Nine-country study finds widespread use of social media for promoting lies, misinformation and propaganda by governments and individuals Alex Hern The Guardian Propaganda on social media is being used to manipulate public opinion around the world, a new set of studies from the University of Oxford has… From Russia, where around 45% of highly active Twitter accounts are bots, to Taiwan, where a campaign against President Tsai Ing-wen involved thousands of… Facebook and Twitter… Read More »

Y-chromosomal analysis of Greek Cypriots reveals a primarily common pre-Ottoman paternal ancestry with Turkish Cypriots

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Genetics can provide invaluable information on the ancestry of the current inhabitants of Cyprus PLOS A Y-chromosome analysis was performed to (i) determine paternal ancestry among the Greek Cypriot (GCy) community in the context of the Central and… Our haplotype-based analysis has revealed that GCy and TCy patrilineages derive primarily from a single gene pool and show very close genetic affinity (low genetic differentiation) to Calabrian Italian and… In terms of more recent (past millennium) ancestry, as… Y-chromosomal analysis of… ... Read More »

‘Purposeful leaders’ are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds

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People are happier and more productive when their leaders show strong morals, a clear vision and commitment to stakeholders, a new study has… University of Sussex EurekAlert! The growing importance of what is being described as ‘purposeful leadership’ for the modern workplace is outlined today in a new report for the CIPD, the professional body for HR and… When modern managers display ‘purposeful’ behaviours, employees are less… ‘Purposeful leaders’ are… Read More »

A Breakthrough AI Can Now Predict Which Babies Will Develop Autism

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Identifying Autism A study published in Science Transitional Medicine has found that doctors can predict which babies will develop autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by the age of two with an astonishing 96 percent success… Tom Ward Futurism The test uses a combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and machine-learning algorithms. The study took brain scans of 59 “sibs” (the younger siblings of children with ASD), who’s chances of getting the… A Breakthrough AI… Read More »

Even moderate drinking can damage the brain, claim researchers

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Moderate alcohol consumption can impair cognitive function, says study, countering suggestions that low levels of drinking can help protect the brain Nicola Davis  The Guardian Drinking even moderate amounts of alcohol can damage the brain and impair cognitive function over time, researchers have claimed. While heavy drinking has previously been linked to memory problems and dementia, previous studies have suggested low levels of drinking could help protect the brain. But the new… Even moderate drinking… Read More »

What Happens When You Die?

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We watch our loved ones’ age and die and assume that’s the end of the story. We believe in death because we’ve been taught we die. Biocentrism Also, of course, because we associate ourselves with our body and we know bodies die. But biocentrism — a new theory of everything — tells us death may not be the terminal event we think. Amazingly, if you add life and consciousness to the equation, you can explain some of the biggest puzzles ... Read More »

Prostate cancer trial stuns researchers: ‘It’s a once in a career feeling’

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Study with ‘powerful results’ finds that combining two existing therapies could extend the life of men with advanced, high-risk prostate cancer by 37% Jessica Glenza in Chicago, Illinois The Guardian Combining two existing prostate cancer therapies could extend the life of men with advanced, high-risk prostate cancer by 37%, according to a study presented at the world’s largest… The new findings could change how doctors first approach treatment of prostate… Prostate cancer trial… Read More »

Charismatic leaders: Too much of a good thing?

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Leaders with moderate amounts of charisma seen as more effective than those with high or low levels, study says American Psychological Association EurekAlert! WASHINGTON — How important is charisma in a leader? While at least a moderate level is important, too much may hinder a leader’s effectiveness, according to research published by the… “Our findings suggest that organizations may want to consider selecting applicants with mid… Charismatic leaders: Too… Read More »

Bacteria Are Evolving To Eat The Plastic We Dump Into The Oceans

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The ocean is full of plastic, a grim marker of the Anthropocene. There are floating, continent-size patches of it in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, and there are newly formed ones in the Arctic. IFLscience New Scientist There are some uninhabited islands that are drowning in the stuff. Weirdly, though, scientists have come to the conclusion that, based on the amount of plastic we make every year, there is only about one… Bacteria Are Evolving… Read More »

A Patient With Diabetes No Longer Needs Insulin After Receiving A Bioengineered “Pancreas”

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A year after receiving a new type of islet cell transplant to treat her severe diabetes, a patient continues to do well and no longer needs insulin injections to manage her disease. Kristin Houser Futurism Even the most exciting breakthrough medical treatment can be rendered obsolete by a particularly insurmountable obstacle: time. A HAPPY ANNIVERSARY If a treatment only works temporarily, it has… A Patient With… Read More »

UCI doctor’s plan to stop superbugs is widely used. At her own hospital, it didn’t work

Bacteria 1a Zbigniew Bzdak Chicago Tribune

By the end of December, a lethal bacterium had swept through UC Irvine Medical Center’s intensive care unit, sickening seven infants. Melody Petersen Los Angeles Times Dr. Susan Huang, the hospital’s infection control expert, had a plan. The strategy — which she had promoted so successfully that most U.S. hospitals now use it — included bathing all infants in the ICU with a powerful disinfectant, and swabbing inside their noses with an… UCI doctor’s plan… Read More »

IUPUI prof warns about danger of guns — and it’s not what you think

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Few would dispute that a gun, when used improperly, can be dangerous to your health. Shari Rudavsky INDYSTAR But a new study shows that guns, even when fired as safely as possible, can hurt you. The study by an IUPUI scientist and colleagues found that firing a gun at a shooting range, either indoors or outdoors, releases a high level of lead-filled dust that coats the… IUPUI prof warns… Read More »

Noise pollution is drowning out nature even in protected areas – study

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Human noises are often 10 times that of background levels, impairing our enjoyment of natural parks and impacting animal behaviour, scientists have… Damian Carrington Environment editor The Guardian The sounds of the natural world are being overwhelmed by the blare of human activity, even in protected wildlife areas, new research has… The racket is not only harming people’s enjoyment of natural havens, which are… Noise pollution is… Read More »

2017 World Press Freedom Index – tipping point

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Analyses – The 2017 World Press Freedom Index compiled by Reporters Without Borders (RSF) reflects a world in which attacks on the media have become commonplace and strongmen are on the rise. We have reached the age of post-truth, propaganda, and suppression of freedoms – especially in democracies. Читать по-русски / Read in Russian I. Democracies falling, advent of strongmen RSF’s latest World Press Freedom Index highlights the danger of a 2017 World Press… Read More »

Aspirin May Prevent Cancer from Spreading, New Research Shows

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In addition to relieving headaches and preventing heart attacks, the drug seems to keep malignant cells from… Viviane Callier | Scientific American May 2017 Issue Scientific American If ever there was a wonder drug, aspirin might be it. Originally derived from the leaves of the willow tree, this mainstay of the family medicine cabinet has been… Indeed, the drug is so popular that annual consumption worldwide totals about 120 billion… Aspirin May Prevent… Read More »

Danish researchers help reveal heightened Arctic melting

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Latest SWIPA report is dour reading for nations facing rising sea level… CPH Post OnLine Some 120 researchers, including some from Denmark, are part of a comprehensive new report that reveals that the Arctic is melting much faster than… The report, ‘Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic’ (SWIPA), was published by the Arctic Council today and concluded that the… Danish researchers help… Read More »