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Ancient crayfish and worms may die out together

Research suggests that bizarre, tentacled worms which live attached to crayfish in the rivers of Australia are at risk of extinction – because the crayfish themselves are endangered. It would be an example of coextinction, where one organism dies out because it depends on another doomed species. Just a few millimetres long, the worms eat even tinier animals in the water or inside the crayfish gill chamber… Source: Ancient crayfish and worms may die out together – BBC News Read More »

80 percent of world’s city dwellers breathing bad air, says UN

Over 80 percent of the world’s city dwellers breathe poor quality air, increasing their risk of lung cancer and other life-threatening diseases, a new World Health Organization (WHO) report warned May 12. Urban residents in poor countries are by far the worst affected, WHO said, noting that nearly every city (98 percent) in low- and middle-income countries has air which fails to meet the U.N. body’s standards… Source: 80 percent of world’s city dwellers breathing bad air, says UN – ... Read More »

Majority of Germans ‘have limited contact’ with Muslims

Reports by pollster YouGov said 62 percent had no Muslims in their private friendship and family circles.. The majority of Germans have limited contact with Muslims and know very little about their religion, according to a new poll… Source: Majority of Germans ‘have limited contact’ with Muslims – AJE News Read More »

1 In 8 Babies Was Born In A Conflict Zone This Year: UN

Their chances of reaching their 5th birthdays have been drastically reduced. One in eight babies was born into a conflict zone this year, putting them at heightened risk for fatal complications that would otherwise have been avoided under normal circumstances, UNICEF reported on Thursday… Source: 1 In 8 Babies Was Born In A Conflict Zone This Year: UN Read More »

How Much of an Environmental Threat Is Ocean Garbage?

A new paper sifts through past research on marine debris to assess the true extent of the environmental threat.. Chelsea Rochman, an ecologist at the University of California, Davis, has been trying to answer a dismal question: Is everything terrible, or are things just very… Source: Study: How Much of an Environmental Threat Is Ocean Garbage? – The Atlantic Read More »

Smoking during pregnancy alters baby’s DNA

Pregnant mothers who smoke chemically alter the DNA in their unborn babies, mirroring patterns seen in adult tobacco users, scientists have discovered. In one of the largest studies of its kind, international researchers analysed the DNA of more than 6000 mothers from around the world and their newborn children. Mothers were questioned about their smoking habits and the results showed that children of the 13 per cent of women who smoked daily throughout most of their pregnancy had DNA modified ... Read More »

A New Mental Health System? Interview with Jim van Os

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With one of the highest mental health spending rates in Europe, the Netherlands is undergoing a dramatic rethinking of how to provide mental healthcare, a rethinking now gaining momentum throughout the region. In a recent interview with Dr. van Os on Madness Radio — one of the most prestigious scientists in the world, in the top 1% of most-cited researchers, and… Source: A New Mental Health System? Interview with Jim van Os – Mad In America Read More »

Studies linking alcohol to health benefits based on flawed science: research

The notion that a glass of wine or two with dinner can help you live a longer and healthier life is being challenged by new research released today… Source: Studies linking alcohol to health benefits based on flawed science: research – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) Read More »

Conservatives and liberals do think differently

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Big differences in the ways conservatives and liberals think about solving the nation’s most pressing problems couldn’t be more apparent during this presidential election cycle. But political ideas aside, people who hold conservative versus liberal perspectives appear to differ in everyday thinking processes and problem solving, according to research from Northwestern University and the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago. Source: Conservatives and liberals do think differently | EurekAlert! Science News Read More »

Bring youth sex abuse in Indigenous communities ‘out of the shadows’: report

Youth sexual abuse and child prostitution in Queensland’s indigenous communities must be discussed publicly with the same openness applied to domestic violence, the state government says. A report, commissioned by the Bligh government and handed to the Newman administration in… Source: Bring youth sex abuse in Indigenous communities ‘out of the shadows’: report Read More »

Planting more trees can reduce UK’s flood risk, research shows

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Natural defences can reduce flood height in towns by up to 20%, and should be used alongside conventional defences, say scientists. Natural defences, including planting more trees, could be a solution to the country’s flooding problems, according to new research. In a study led by the… Source: Planting more trees can reduce UK’s flood risk, research shows | Environment | The Guardian Read More »

Do gun restrictions help reduce gun deaths?

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Researchers looked at the associations between firearm-related laws and firearm homicides, suicides, and unintentional injuries and deaths. The results indicate that gun violence tended to decline after countries passed new restrictions on gun purchasing and ownership. The paper is the first to explore the evidence from around the world on gun laws and gun violence to determine whether gun restrictions help reduce gun deaths. Source: Do gun restrictions help reduce gun deaths? | EurekAlert! Science News Read More »

All the dumb things: If it doesn’t work, don’t just try it again

Of all the many dumb things Australians insist on doing which do not work, invasive surgery is the hardest to fathom. Why would you have a surgical intervention to fix tennis elbow if that fix is no better than time? A new book by orthopaedic surgeon Ian Harris shows how common it is for people to ignore evidence and demand surgery. People prefer to have an expensive operation to inject… Source: All the dumb things: If it doesn’t work, don’t just ... Read More »

UK consumes far less than a decade ago – ‘peak stuff’ or something else?

From crops to energy and metals, average material consumption fell from 15 tonnes in 2001 to just over 10 tonnes in 2013. The amount of “stuff” used in the UK – including food, fuel, metals and building materials – has fallen dramatically since 2001, according to official government figures… Source: UK consumes far less than a decade ago – ‘peak stuff’ or something else? | Business | The Guardian Read More »

Sex and consent: poll finds victim-blaming rife among young Australians

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More than half of 604 people surveyed believe it is a woman’s job to make it very clear if she doesn’t want sex. One in four young people polled say it is normal for men to pressure women into sex and more than half believe it is a woman’s job to make it “very clear if she doesn’t want sex”… Source: Sex and consent: poll finds victim-blaming rife among young Australians | Life and style | The Guardian Read More »

How do we know whether fish have feelings too?

Most of us agree that humans have consciousness – an ability to experience thoughts and emotions – but what about fish, do they feel emotions too? The question of whether animals other than humans can think and feel has been debated for centuries. Most of us would agree that humans have a level of consciousness, loosely… Source: BBC – Earth – How do we know whether fish have feelings too? Read More »