Africa

How Libya’s Fezzan Became Europe’s New Border

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The principal gateway into Europe for refugees and migrants runs through the power vacuum in southern Libya’s Fezzan region. ICG Any effort by European policymakers to stabilise Fezzan must be part of a national-level strategy aimed at developing Libya’s licit economy and reaching political normalisation. Executive Summary European policymakers increasingly are looking at the Fezzan, Libya’s vast and scarcely populated south west, as their frontier against sub-Saharan African migrants and refugees traveling the Central Mediterranean route to Europe. In 2016, ... Read More »

Open Letter to the UN Secretary-General on Peacekeeping in DRC

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While the presence of the UN peace operation MONUSCO in the DRC is crucial, it needs to adapt to the deepening crisisΒ as violence escalates in parts of the country, and recognise President Kabila’s role in the… The UN should use its forthcoming strategic review to adjust the mission to these challenges. Jean-Marie Guehenno * ICG Your Excellency, The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is facing its deepest crisis since the end of the 1998-2003 war. Prospects for a peaceful transfer ... Read More »

Congo’s mining revenue ‘missing’ – Global Witness

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More than 20% of the Democratic Republic of Congo’s mining revenue is being lost due to corruption and mismanagement, a campaign group says. BBC According to a Global Witness report, the money is being distributed through corrupt networks linked to President Joseph Kabila. At least $750m (£580m) has gone missing over the past three years, it says. The government has not commented but has previously denied allegations of corruption in its mining… Congo’s mining revenue… Read More »

The Politics of Islam in Mali: Separating Myth from Reality

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Settling the place of Islam in Mali’s society and politics is a less visible but longer-term challenge to the state than its rebellious north and stalled peace… ICG The government should work toward a partnership with religious authorities to enable them to play a stabilising role. Executive Summary The 2012 crisis, during which self-proclaimed jihadi armed groups took centre stage, intensified the debate on the role of Islam in Malian society and… Although religious leaders have become powerful lobbyists, public ... Read More »

UN seeks $421 million for African refugee flow

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MILAN:The United Nations’ refugee agency is appealing for $421.2 million to help improve protection of refugees in sub-Saharan and North Africa and back efforts in… AP ArabNews The UN High Commissioner for Refugees said Tuesday the plan, which incorporates previous appeals, is needed “to help provide meaningful alternatives to refugees and others undertaking… It says 2,171 refugees and migrants were reported dead or missing as they tried to cross the central Mediterranean in this… UN seeks $421… Read More »

A Natural Gas War Is Brewing In The Mediterranean

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Offshore gas developments in the East Mediterranean region are heating up. Cyril Widdershoven OilPrice Alongside increased exploration efforts and a possible gas pipeline deal between Turkey and Israel, geopolitical risks are increasing too. While commercial prospects are starting to look good for all parties, a real military conflict is also brewing and may come to a head if Cyprus, Greece and Turkey are not able to find a… Optimism has been high of late about the prospects of offshore Cyprus ... Read More »

The time has come for a new international migration system

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If unaddressed, the current flow of refugees and migrants from Africa and Asia headed toward Europe might well turn into a major uncontrolled population movement for which Western governments will only… Alexander Casella  Asia Times And the consequences in Europe where immigration has become a domestic political issue are liable to be far… Historically refugee movements were essentially regional and did not overflow their… The time has… Read More »

China’s Foreign Policy Experiment in South Sudan

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China, traditionally cautious about intervening in other countries, is playing the unprecedented role of peacebuilder in… ICG This experience could serve as a trial run for a more proactive global role, but Beijing is still challenged by limitations in its experience, expertise and… Executive Summary China’s longstanding principle of non-interference in other states’ internal affairs is evolving with its growing global footprint. As Chinese overseas investment and… China’s Foreign Policy… Read More »

DR Congo loses $1B per year to child malnutrition: UN

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Losses to the country each year could equal 4.5 pct of country’s GDP, says new UN report. Godfrey Olukya AA ARU, Democratic Republic of Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is losing more than $1 billion a year due to the effects of child malnutrition, according to a new UN report. This could amount to some 4.5 percent of the nation’s gross domestic product, said a UN statement on Friday. The report was undertaken by the nation’s government in… ... Read More »

Could there be a link between genocide and suicide?

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Genocide and suicide are connected in some contexts. Sometimes the connection is direct; occasionally it is indirect. Colin Tatz The Conversation This relationship hardly figures in suicide studies. Only a handful of case studies are to hand – and they tell us little. We can start with Namibia (1904 to 1906), then the Armenian genocide (1915 to 1923), move to the Holocaust (1933 to 1945), and then to Rwanda and Bosnia in the… We know very little about suicide and ... Read More »

Feature: South Africa’s defence priorities

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Another year, another defence budget, and once again the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) is left short-changed and under-funded, as it has been for almost a quarter of a… Helmoed Romer Heitman defence web That mismatch between funding and commitments has delayed replacement of old equipment (30+ year old infantry combat vehicles and trucks) and closing critical capability gaps (lack of… It has also undermined training and demoralised military personnel to the… Feature: South Africa… Read More »

Time to Repeal U.S. Sanctions on Sudan?

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The clock is ticking for President Trump who must decide by 12 July whether to lift decades-long U.S. sanctions on Sudan. ICG The failure of economic penalties to alter Khartoum’s behaviour so far means Washington should repeal some sanctions and continue a process of conditional engagement. I. Overview Decision time is fast approaching for U.S. policy toward Sudan. By 12 July 2017, the Trump administration must determine whether to permanently lift the economic and trade sanctions its… Time to Repeal… Read More »

South Africa court allows secret Zuma no-confidence vote

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South Africa’s highest court has ruled that a vote of no-confidence against President Jacob Zuma can be held in… BBC The constitutional court said that the Speaker of parliament had the right to order such a move. She had previously stated she did not have the… Opposition parties believe that under a secret ballot, MPs from Mr Zuma’s ANC party would vote against… He has survived several… South Africa court… Read More »

Will the siege of Marawi spread?

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Concerns are rising about where Islamic State might strike next in Southeast Asia John McBeth  Asia Times Indonesian security forces are strengthening the archipelagic country’s northern border, fearing that Islamic State (IS) fighters still clinging to parts of the besieged southern Philippine city of Marawi may inspire similar bold terror actions in their… Indonesian Defense Minister Ryamizard Ricacudu met with his neighboring counterparts on the… Will the siege… Read More »

Djibouti accuses Eritrea of occupying disputed area

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Official says Eritrean soldiers occupied moved contested border territory, days after Qatar pulled its peacekeepers out. Al Jazeera and news agencies Djibouti’s foreign minister has accused neighbouring Eritrea of occupying a disputed territory along their border shortly after Qatar peacekeepers left the location this… Mahamoud Ali Youssouf said on Friday Djibouti’s military was “on alert” and that it has lodged complaints to the United Nations and the African… Djibouti accuses Eritrea… Read More »

Y-chromosomal analysis of Greek Cypriots reveals a primarily common pre-Ottoman paternal ancestry with Turkish Cypriots

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Genetics can provide invaluable information on the ancestry of the current inhabitants of Cyprus PLOS A Y-chromosome analysis was performed to (i) determine paternal ancestry among the Greek Cypriot (GCy) community in the context of the Central and… Our haplotype-based analysis has revealed that GCy and TCy patrilineages derive primarily from a single gene pool and show very close genetic affinity (low genetic differentiation) to Calabrian Italian and… In terms of more recent (past millennium) ancestry, as… Y-chromosomal analysis of… ... Read More »