Tunisia’s Elections: Old Wounds, New Fears

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Middle East and North Africa Briefing N°4419 – This full briefing is available in French. OVERVIEW ( ICG ) The standoff between incumbent President Moncef Marzouki and former Prime Minister Beji Caid Essebsi in the second round of the presidential election, scheduled for 21 December 2014, has revealed fault lines in Tunisian society that political elites believed they had bridged with ... Read More »

Child soldier recruitment soars in Central African Republic: Save the Children

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A new report by aid agency Save the Children estimates there are as many as 10,000 active child soldiers fighting in the Central African Republic (CAR) – a four fold increase since a violent civil war broke out two years ago. ABC – Africa Correspondent Martin Cuddihy Recruitment there started when violence broke out in 2012 between majority Christian and Muslim ... Read More »

Congo: Ending the Status Quo

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A new consensus and strategy are urgently needed to tackle the numerous, brutal armed groups in eastern Congo and to save the February 2013 Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework (PSCF) in the Great Lakes region. ICG The M23 defeat by the UN’s Intervention Brigade (FIB) in November 2013 raised hopes that it would mark the beginning of the end for ... Read More »

UN: Tens of thousands dead in S Sudan war

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Security Council says feuding leaders “personal ambitions” fomented crisis, as nation marks one year since start of war. Tens of thousands of people have died in South Sudan during one year of war and the country’s leaders are putting their “personal ambitions” ahead of the young nation’s future, the UN secretary-general has said. Ban Ki-moon called on the country’s leaders to agree ... Read More »

Guinea’s Other Emergency: Organising Elections

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Guinea approaches the second free presidential election in its history under difficult circumstances. Unless the government convenes a serious dialogue with the opposition, it risks electoral violence and exacerbating ethnic divisions. ICG In the midst of the Ebola crisis, Guinea is preparing for the presidential election due in 2015. The exact election date is just one of many points being ... Read More »

ICC chief prosecutor shelves Darfur war crimes probe

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Fatou Bensouda prompts triumphant response from Sudanese president and concerns over viability of Hague-based institution The Guardian – David Smith, Africa correspondent The war crimes investigation in Sudan’s Darfur region had already been stagnant for five years when the international criminal court formally suspended it last week, a lawyer representing the victims has claimed. Chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda announced on Friday ... Read More »

Australian Ebola hospital opens but returning senator calls for greater contribution

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Australian doctors and nurses will begin treating Ebola patients this week but a Greens senator who has returned from the infection zone in West Africa says Australia should double its human contribution. The Sydney Morning Herald - Heath Aston Foreign Minister Julie Bishop has confirmed the taxpayer-funded field hospital operated by Canberra-based Aspen Medical is just days away from accepting its ... Read More »

The Central African Republic’s Hidden Conflict

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Africa Briefing N°105 – ICG The full briefing is available in French. OVERVIEW While the international community and the transitional government focus on Bangui, the capital, most of the rural areas, in particular the west and centre of the Central African Republic (CAR), have turned into fields of violence. The fierce struggle between the ex-Seleka and anti-balaka militiamen has led ... Read More »

UN says record numbers dying to reach Europe

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UNHCR says more than 3,400 people have died while crossing the Mediterranean this year in search for asylum or work. ””” You can’t stop a person who is fleeing for their life by deterrence. Antonio Guterres, UN High Commissioner for Refugees ””” More than 3,400 people have died in the Mediterranean this year trying to reach Europe, the UN’s refugee agency ... Read More »

Tragedy strikes Ethiopian migrant boat

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At least 70 people drown after boat capsizes amid high winds and rough seas off Yemen, officials say. At least 70 Ethiopians have drowned after a boat used by smugglers to transport migrants to Yemen sank in the Red Sea in rough weather, according to security authorities in the western part of Yemen. The authorities in Taiz province told the Associated Press news agency on ... Read More »