Reconciliation

Ethiopia’s Ginbot 7 opposition movement suspends armed resistance

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An Ethiopian rebel group has suspended its armed resistance against the government. BBC Ginbot 7 said Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s reforms had given it hope that “genuine democracy” may be “a real possibility”. Earlier, the government said it had unblocked 264 websites and TV channels. This is the latest of numerous changes made since Mr Abiy came to office in April, relaxing the state’s previously tight grip on… Ginbot 7, which is based in neighbouring Eritrea, had been designated a… ... Read More »

Yemen Conflict Alert: Last Chance to Prevent a Destructive Hodeida Battle

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The fate of Hodeida hangs in the balance as UAE-backed Yemeni forces poise for what will be a prolonged and destructive battle to expel Huthi rebels. ICG A real but fleeting opportunity exists to avert catastrophe through a UN-mediated solution that safeguards all sides’ interests. The battle for Hodeida is reaching the point of no return. UAE-backed Yemeni forces are poised to begin operations to take this Red Sea port and city of 600,000 from Huthi rebels. This is the ... Read More »

Victoria passes historic law to create Indigenous treaty framework

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It is the first ever Australian legislation stating intent to negotiate a treaty Calla Wahlquist The Guardian The Victoria parliament has passed legislation that will create a framework for negotiating a treaty with Aboriginal people. It is the first time legislation stating a formal intent to negotiate a treaty or treaties with Aboriginal people has ever been adopted by an Australian parliament, and comes as a federal parliamentary committee conducts hearings to examine national options for… Other jurisdictions have also ... Read More »

More time needed to achieve peace, South Sudan rebels say

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JUBA (Reuters) – South Sudanese rebels said on Thursday that more time is needed to secure lasting peace in the country and it would be necessary to address the root causes of a civil war. Denis Dumo “There is no shortcut to peace,” the group said in a statement after peace talks in Ethiopia between its leader Riek Machar and President Salva Kiir, the first time the two men had met since… SPLM/SPLA (IO) said the solution to the five-year ... Read More »

Risky Business: The Duque Government’s Approach to Peace in Colombia

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Colombia’s president-elect campaigned on a pledge to “modify” the 2016 peace with the FARC guerrillas, despite its goal of reducing the rural inequality underlying that insurgency. T he new government should steer clear of hardline policies that alienate the countryside and hinder the ex-guerrilla’s path to civilian life. ICG What’s new? Iván Duque, from the Democratic Centre party, won Colombia’s presidential election and assumes office on 7 August 2018. His party and… Why does it matter? Colombia’s transition from war ... Read More »

Keeping the Calm in Southern Syria

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As the Syrian regime masses its forces to recapture the country’s south west from the opposition, another humanitarian disaster looms. ICG The U.S., Russia and Jordan, which brokered a south-western ceasefire in 2017, should urgently extend that truce in preparation for a broader settlement. What’s new? Having retaken the last rebel-held areas in Syria’s western interior, the Syrian regime is turning southward. Regime forces are massing in preparation for a reconquest of the “de… Why does it matter? The south ... Read More »

Brexit latest: EU starts mind games calling on nations and firms to prepare for NO DEAL

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BRUSSELS is urging EU member states, companies and organisations to ensure preparations for a “no-deal” Brexit are underway amid concerns Britain has made “no substantial progress” on the Irish border issue. Simon Osborne Express Draft conclusions for next week’s major EU summit warn contingency planning for a hard exit in March 2019 must be accelerated across the bloc. The document says: “The European Council renews its call upon member states and all stakeholders to step up their work on preparedness ... Read More »

How to heal African-Americans’ traumatic history

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Do you smell it? That foul odor that floats in the air, when something you thought was dead is unearthed. Authors: The Conversation That’s the smell of ole man Jim Crow crawling back into our daily lives. One of the most horrendous and abhorrent forms of Jim Crow violence – the racial caste system that operated between 1877 and the mid-1960s, primarily in Southern states – was the publicly sanctioned use of… These killings were perpetrated by those who enjoyed ... Read More »

A recipe for lasting neo-colonialism: The legacy of the ‘Macmillan Doctrine’ enunciated on 19 and 26 June 1958

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Klearchos A. Kyriakides 19 June 2018 Published by Agora Dialogue to mark the passage of 60 years since the publication of the ill-fated ‘Macmillan Plan’ on 19 June 1958[1] ‘Harold Macmillan, carried in the sea at Accra, Ghana, 1960’[2] Introduction: ‘the problems of Cyprus’ In certain circles, it is often said that ‘the Cyprus problem’ (in the singular) amounts to one of ‘invasion and occupation’.[3]  In a sense, this is true, but it is not completely true.  A more accurate ... Read More »

After the Trump-Kim Summit: Now Comes the Hard Part

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Last week the world watched the first-ever meeting between a North Korean leader and a U.S. president. Crisis Group offers a 360-degree view of how the summit played in the U.S., the Korean peninsula, China and… ICG Doubts and questions swirled before the momentous 12 June summit in Singapore between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. Could any good come of a meeting for which preparation seemed to be last-minute and inadequate? Was one of the ... Read More »

Is South Africa Ceasing to be a Rainbow Nation?

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The Malaysian And Singaporean Examples Are nn Instructive Case Study A rainbow nation or a sectarian nation? South Africa’s former Apartheid regime was not a sectarian nation but rather a systematic socio-political system which effectively led to the presence of several nations built up on top of one another in a hierarchical fashion, all within the… Adam Garrie Eurasia Future Today, the suppression of the Palestinian nation by “Israel” and the suppression of Kashmiri Muslims by India are in fact ... Read More »

Nicaragua crisis: Truce agreed after weeks of deadly violence

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Nicaragua’s government and opposition groups have agreed a ceasefire after weeks of violence that has left about 170 people dead. BBC A truth commission will also be established and international investigators allowed into the country. Friday’s peace talks in Managua were brokered by the Roman Catholic Church. The protests began on 19 April after President Daniel Ortega’s government imposed cuts to pension and social security programmes. The cuts were… Nicaragua crisis: Truce… Read More »

Knesset Foils Efforts to End Israeli Apartheid

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For most of the seven decades after its establishment, Israel went to extraordinary lengths to craft an image of itself as a “light unto the nations”. Jonathan Cook CounterPunch It claimed to have “made the desert bloom” by planting forests over the razed houses of 750,000 Palestinians it exiled in 1948. Soldiers in the “most moral army in the world” reputedly cried as they were compelled to shoot Palestinian “infiltrators” trying to return home. And all this occurred in what ... Read More »

North Korea’s Kim Jong-un rewrites the book on the art of the deal with shrewd handling of Donald Trump in Singapore

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Kim shows poise and diplomatic flourish to walk away with a win on one of the biggest points of contention Lee Jeong-ho and Kinling Lo South China Morning Post For a 34-year-old who made his first state visit in just the last few months, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un seemed to hold his own in Tuesday’s high-profile summit setting with US President Donald Trump. Kim had already surprised many observers with shrewd strategic manoeuvring before the talks and the Singapore ... Read More »

‘World will see a major change:’ Kim, Trump sign declaration

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First-ever North Korea-US summit was an optical success but a substantive failure with a vague, non-tangible outcome Nile Bowie and Andrew Salmon Asia Times The hugely anticipated, first-ever summit between North Korea and the United States – two states which remain technically at war, and which last year appeared on the brink of renewed combat ­– has been declared a… In a joint declaration, both sides agreed to upgrade relations. North Korea committed to complete denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, ... Read More »

Deep Freeze and Beyond: Making the Trump-Kim Summit a Success

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The greatest risk to the 12 June summit between the U.S. and North Korea is mismatched expectations. ICG To avoid a return to escalatory rhetoric, both parties should keep hopes modest and adopt an action-for-action approach as part of a four-step plan for denuclearisation on the Korean peninsula. What’s new? The on-again, off-again summit between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is upon us. The parties are in the throes of preparation for the historic 12 ... Read More »