ICG

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

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Five million people are hit by the humanitarian fallout of the Boko Haram insurgency. ICG Beyond ending the war, this briefing, the last of four examining famine threats in Nigeria, Yemen, South Sudan and Somalia, urges donors to fund their UN aid pledges in full and the Nigerian government to step up relief for its… Overview The humanitarian crisis in… Instruments of Pain… Read More »

Iran’s Bipolar Election

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Iranian voters have a real choice on 19 May between a president promising engagement with the West or one focused on the… Ali Vaez ICG At the same time, both leading candidates are clerical insiders who support the continuation of Iran’s nuclear deal. Who are the leading candidates in the 19 May election and what should we know about the top two? The May 2017 election is essentially a… Iran’s Bipolar… Read More »

Sri Lanka’s Transition to Nowhere

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Fragile hopes for lasting peace and cooperation across party and ethnic lines are imperilled. ICG To avoid leaders of the corrupt and violent former regime taking back control of the country, President Sirisena’s two-year-old “unity government” should put aside short-term calculations and… Executive Summary Two years into President Maithripala Sirisena’s term, Sri Lanka’s fragile hopes for lasting peace and… Sri Lanka’s Transition… Read More »

The Counter-productive Isolation of Proud and Hungry Sanaa

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Our Arabian Peninsula Senior Analyst April Longley Alley finds pride, resilience and an eagerness to end the conflict during field research and many conversations in Sanaa, Yemen’s capital. April Longley Alley ICG She concludes that isolating one side or making the famine and suffering worse will only prolong the war. SANAA, Yemen – One of the… The Counter-productive… Read More »

Venezuela: A Blueprint for Strife

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Two developments are propelling Venezuela faster along a route that has already led to dozens of deaths in the last few weeks: the first is an undemocratic proposal for a new constitution; the second is increasingly isolated Venezuela’s withdrawal from the Organisation of American States. Phil Gunson ICG CARACAS, Venezuela – Amid the tumult on the… One was the… Venezuela: A Blueprint… Read More »

Blocked Transition: Corruption and Regionalism in Tunisia

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Corruption and clientelism are undermining democratic transition in Tunisia, a unique success story after the 2011 Arab uprisings. ICG To put the country back on track, the government should launch a national economic dialogue including established business elites and emerging provincial business leaders. Executive Summary The political consensus in… Blocked Transition: Corruption… Read More »

The London Conference and Prospects for Peace and Stability in Somalia

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The 11 May 2017 London Conference on Somalia will discuss boosting humanitarian aid and security reforms that will increase the army’s numbers to 18,000. ICG But the government must tackle corruption and restart national reconciliation if it wants to build effectively on recent progress toward ending the 25-year conflict. The 11 May London Conference on Somalia comes at a… The London Conference… Read More »

South Korean Elections Sidestep Rising Peninsula Tensions

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North Korea’s nuclear grandstanding and inflammatory missile tests, President Trump’s anti-Pyongyang rhetoric and U.S. missile deployments have raised tensions in North East Asia. Christopher Green ICG Our Senior Advisor for the Korean Peninsula Christopher Green looks at where South Korea’s 9 May presidential election fits into these newly complex dynamics. Why have tensions risen on the… South Korean Elections… Read More »

Managing Turkey’s PKK Conflict: The Case of Nusaybin

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With one quarter of its inhabitants’ homes destroyed in the past year, Nusaybin is a victim of Turkey’s 33-year conflict with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). ICG The state has taken economic steps to help the town, but outreach and Kurdish rights must be improved to prevent new flare ups… Managing Turkey’s PKK… Read More »

Fighting ISIS: The Road to and beyond Raqqa

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The U.S. campaign against ISIS in northern Syria both benefits from and is complicated by its partnership with an affiliate of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), a group fighting against its NATO ally… ICG The challenges will grow as the war on ISIS moves further… Overview In Raqqa the U.S.-led coalition to defeat the Islamic State (ISIS) faces its toughest test to date in… Fighting ISIS: The… Read More »

Instruments of Pain (II): Conflict and Famine in South Sudan

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War in South Sudan led the UN to declare 100,000 people are suffering famine, with a further 5.5 million at… ICG This special briefing urges the country to work harder to establish parameters for a… At the same time, humanitarian corridors from Sudan should be kept open and donors must fully fund the UN aid… Instruments of Pain… Read More »

Open Letter to the UN Security Council on Peacekeeping in Mali

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To address growing violence in Mali that is undermining the Algeria-brokered peace accord, the UN Security Council should in June renew the mandate of the… Jean-Marie Guéhenno ICG Excellencies, Only weeks away from the official end of the two-year “interim period” defined in the June 2015 peace agreement, much of Mali remains unstable and a… Implementation of the Algeria-brokered agreement consumes considerable diplomatic energy for… Open Letter to… Read More »

Instruments of Pain: Conflict and Famine

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For the first time in three decades, four countries, driven by war, verge on… ICG Over coming weeks, Crisis Group will publish special briefings on Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and… Each conflict requires tailored response; all need increased aid and efforts to end the… The last time the UN declared a famine was in 2011, in… Instruments of Pain… Read More »

Syria after the U.S. Strike: What Should Come Next

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Poison gas and missile response have heightened tensions over the Syria… ICG Washington and Moscow should respond to the new risks by pursuing their stated common interest: sufficient de-escalation of the war’s violence to establish a meaningful political track toward… Whether one believes they were the… Syria after the… Read More »

Afghanistan: The Future of the National Unity Government

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The power dispute between President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Officer Abdullah Abdullah is imperilling Afghanistan’s… ICG To avoid the collapse of the U.S.-brokered National Unity Government, both actors must end political partisanship and… Executive Summary Two and a half years after it was created to prevent the… Afghanistan: The Future… Read More »

Mafia of the Poor: Gang Violence and Extortion in Central America

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Central American gangs are responsible for brutal acts of violence, abuse of women and forced displacement of… ICG Governments must go beyond punitive measures and address the social and economic roots of gang culture, tackle extortion schemes and… Executive Summary Born in the aftermath of civil war and… Mafia of the… Read More »