His similarities with Turkey’s current president have not gone unnoticed.
Turkey’s relationship with the West is in the middle of a slow-motion car crash.
CBDRWN Sultan Abdul Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan of Turkey as Sick Man of Europe. Cover of French Satirical Magazine, ‘Le Rire’, May 1897
After years of tension, the country’s rift with its western allies has widened since an attempted military coup against the government of the country’s current premier, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in July 2016.