Since ancient times, philanthropy or unconditional contribution, and reciprocity or retribution, such as “an eye for an eye,” have been and remain common human actions.
- SOKA University
Thus far, many researchers support the promotion of reciprocity and the suppression of philanthropism, as the latter is favorable to evil.
However, Soka University researcher Isamu Okada and his collaborators Tatsuya Sasaki (University of Vienna) and Yutaka Nakai (Shibaura Institute of Technology) have found that the solidarity of philanthropism and reciprocity is necessary to maintain cooperative societies.
Their paper was published in Scientific Reports on…
- Solidarity between good…