How India, Pakistan and Bangladesh were formed

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This animated map shows how the borders of the Indian subcontinent have evolved since partition

Seventy years ago, in August 1947, the British decided to end their 200-year long rule in the Indian subcontinent and to divide it into two separate nations, Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu-majority India.

KK6 1aThe process of partition, however, was not simple. In addition to the British-controlled territories, the subcontinent also consisted of many other territories under French, Portuguese or Omani rule, as well as more than 500 sovereign princely states ruled by local…

Upon independence, the British gave the princely states the option to join India or Pakistan – by signing the Instrument of Accession – or to remain…

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