Monthly Archives: July 2001


Socrates was a Greek philosopher who lived between 470-399 B.C. He turned Greek attention toward questions of ethics and virtue. Although Socrates was not a scientist, his way of questioning to find out answers laid a foundation for the way that science works today. Picture of Socrates The Bettmann Archive Socrates spent much time in the Athens marketplace (the Agora) ... Read More »

Xunzi (Hsün Tzu, c.310—c.220 BCE)

Xunzi, along with Confucius and Mencius, was one of the three great early architects of Confucian philosophy. In many ways, he offers a more complete and sophisticated defense of Confucianism than Mencius. Xunzi lived toward the end of the Warring States period (453-221 BCE), generally regarded as the formative era for most later Chinese philosophy. It was a time of ... Read More »